The Cournonterral area has been inhabited since the Neolithic age. Several excavations have also revealed a Gallo-Roman presence.
In the Middle Ages, the village had spectacular ramparts including 6 towers and 2 turrets as well as a castle of which two Saracen towers remain. Outside the remparts, there is a fountain.
It is said that Hannibal himself stopped at that fountain to let his elephants drink.
The Cournonterral carnival takes place from Epiphany Sunday to Ash Wednesday.
According to the legend, this festival celebrates an ancient victory of Cournonterral over Aumelas, the neighbouring village.
The entertainment includes: dancing, a convoy of carnival floats, concerts, brass bands. The famous ‘Pailhasses’ day is organised on Ash Wednesday and closes the carnival.
That day is for the residents of Cournonterral only. The participants are dressed in Aumelas ‘white’ or in Cournonterral ‘pailhasse’ and chase one another through the village splatting each other with wine sediment.